Contextual studies 5

PowerPoint:

Not available, when PowerPoint becomes available I will update this space.
Notes from lecture: 

Contextual studies 5: Matter in Early Modernism.
Questions:

A. What did they paint:

They painted still life, interiors, landscape and portraits. Rural landscapes and urban landscapes.

B. How important was the subject Matter:

Lots of unnatural bright colour, ruff brush strokes, figurative recognisable forms, no fine detail, abandonment of traditional perspective. 
C. Were they more concerned with What or How they painted:

They were concerned about expressive colour. 

1. Fauvism 

Background:

Artist: Henri Matisse (1869 – 1954), Andre Derain (1880-1954), Maurice de Vlaminck (1876-1958) 
Notice about the work; 

1. Physical appearance (form)

Composition is very important ‘everything that is not useful in the picture is harmful’

2. Subject matter 

Subject matter is just the starting point then it’s about the painting, composition and expression 

2. Cubism:

Artists: Georges Braque (1882-1963), Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Juan Gris (1887-1927)

The characteristics of the work;
1. Physical appearance (form).

Fragmentation, its semi figurative, 
2. Subject matter.

Still life, portrait, secondary to the form of the painting 
Influences; Picasso-Les Desmoiselle d’Avignon (1907),  
Main interest of cubists- African art
(Photo hear)

3. Expressionism / New Objectivity.

Artists: George Grosz (1893-1959) and Otto Dix (1891-1969).
What do the works have in common?
1. Physical appearance (form)

Characters, sinister, bright and dark distorted colours, distorted and fragmented, figurative, chaotic compositions 
2. Subject matter

Class of people, beggar, war veterans, amputee’s, 
Exposing the corruption and inequality of the veterans from the First World War!
4.Surrealism 

Artists: Salvador Dali (1904-1989), Rene Magritte (1898-1967), Paul Delvaux (1897-1994).
What are the characteristics of the work?
1. Physical appearance (form)

Figurative, hyper realism, distorted,

Juxtaposition real style but unrealistic,
2. Subject matter

Landscape, dreams, how the unconscious mind works, 
Influence- sigman fued 

Contextual extension:

David Hockney – photojoiner 
Photomontage looks similar to cubism in the way it looks
New objectivity photography:

Albert ranger patch – photographer

Karl Blossfelt
Surrealism photography:

Eric johaphanson 
M C Escher
Moved on to inspiring photographers from the week:
Ragnar Axelsson 

Rebekka Gudleifsdottir 

Niall Mcdiarmid

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